Attested: ND Anderidos or Anderitos; RC Anderelionuba
Where: the Saxon Shore fort at Pevensey, Sussex, TQ64440477.
Name origin: This name is regularly quoted as Anderitum, to fit the preconception that it is a Celtic compound of *ande- ‘great’ and *ritu ‘ford’, plus the possible parallel at Anderitum (Javols in France). However, Anderidos makes best sense geographically in Germanic, with first element like OE and- or Gothic anda- etc, related to Latin ante ‘before, beside, against’ and second element a precursor of OE rythe ‘small stream, creek’ (as in the modern place Ryde). RC’s Anderelionuba has an ending –nuba, which might mean ‘protuberance’, related to words like nub or knob, from PIE *g(e)n- ‘to pinch’, or it might be a variant of *navis ‘river’, or even from PIE *uper- ‘over’, which led to words for ‘shore’
Last Edited: 4 August 2016