Anicetis

Attested:  RC Anicetis

Where:  Somewhere in Dorset or Wiltshire, between the rivers Stour and Avon.  Possibly an estate, named from its owner, for example at Tarrant Hinton on Margary's Roman road 46.  That seems rather far east, if Ibernio was indeed at Hod Hill and Melezo needs to be fitted in too.  Or possibly at Cadbury Castle, a huge hillfort whose sheer prominence in the landscape gives it a strong claim to enter RC's list.  Conceivably, Annis Hill, in an area rich in Roman villas, is related.

Name Origin:  From Greek ανικητος‘undefeated’ (=invictus).  Anicetus became a common personal name, which was borne by a Roman admiral, pirate, and pope, and shows up on many inscriptions from across the Empire, including four from Britain..

NotesApplebaum (1954) suggested that Q Pompeius Anicetus, commemorated on an inscription at Bath, might have been the estate owner, with a Greek-derived name, appropriate for a mining contractor active in the Mendips, analogous with Abascantus ‘secure against enchantments’ on a Roman lead ingot.  Cadbury Castle manifestly did not resist Vespasian's troops, but a face-saving handover is easy to imagine.

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Last Edited: 8 October 2017