AttestedBribra at position 119 in the Ravenna Cosmography

Where:  Probably the fort at Beckfoot, Cumbria, NY08964884, part of the extension to Hadrian’s Wall along the Cumbrian coast south of the Solway.

Name Origin:  Past attempts to explain Bribra have required it to be amended, for example to *Bibra ‘beaver’, to refer to otters, or to briva ‘water's edge’ (though commonly commonly mistranslated as ‘bridge’).  Perhaps best is to recognise that -bra was much used in Latin as an instrumental suffix, including to form place names, and that bri-, from PIE *bhru- ‘brow’, may be a common base for a whole host of words like brim, brink, and brae.  Then Bribra may just mean ‘edge place’.

Name Origin:  The Cosmography also refers to Bribila and to Arebribium, but they do not seem to help.

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Last edited 16 April 2020     To main Menu