Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,16 Βριγαντες, a tribe with 7 πολεις
Where: The Brigantes were people in northern England, in and around Yorkshire.
Name origin: ‘Highlanders, hill people’. PIE *bhergh- ‘high’ and *bhergh- ‘to protect’ cross-fertilised as they led to descendants in many languages, with Celtic words (such as Welsh bri ‘prestige’ and bre ‘hill’, or Irish bríg ‘power’) most enthusiastically cited. By Ptolemy's time Brigantium (Bregenz, Austria) had been an important Roman city for over a hundred years, which probably influenced his spelling to be unlike Burgundy.
Notes: Much nonsense has been written about the Brigantes’ political structure(s). Tacitus described Cartimandua ruling at least part of their territory when the Romans arrived.
Last Edited: 21 December 2016