AttestedBrocavo on iter 5 of the Antonine Itinerary

WhereBrougham Castle Roman fort at NY538289 beside the river Eamont, at a key junction of Roman roads (north-south, now the M6, and east-west, now the A66).

Name Origin:  An element Broc- has many possible meanings (as lovingly discussed by Rivet & Smith), but the most likely is a precursor of Old English bróc ‘brook, stream’, which has no agreed PIE root).  The -avum part might come from PIE ap- ‘water’, or possibly from a precursor of haven.

Notes:  An indigenous power centre close to the Roman fort is represented by Mayburgh Henge, which is interesting because its name may preserve the old element magus ‘power’.

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Last edited 16 April 2020     To main Menu