Burrium

Attested:  AI iter 12 and iter 13 Burrio

Where:  Usk, where a short-lived large Roman fort at SO37840052 was succeeded by a much smaller fort and a veterans’ settlement when the main Roman base shifted to Caerleon.

Name origin:  Latin burrus ‘orangey-red’, from Greek πυρρος ‘flame-coloured’, describing the local Raglan Mudstone, which can be seen in modern Usk Bridge and in soil beside Red Hill, a road near the fort.  Celtic suggestions by R&S and others are not credible.

Notes: This site probably had some of the first stone buildings in Wales.

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Last Edited: 26 April 2016