Canonium

Attested:  AI iter 9 Canonio;  TP Caunonio

WhereKelvedon Roman settlement at TL864185 beside the river Blackwater, with a travellers’ rest place on the Roman road from Chelmsford to Colchester.

Name origin:  Probably just named from canna/καννα ‘reed’, which survives in English cane but originated in ancient Mesopotamia.

Notes:  With its two water mills at either end of a big bend in a river, Kelvedon looks very like Cunetio turned on its side.  In 998 Kelvedon was called Cynlauedyne, which looks like the láf ‘remnant’ of a *cyn ‘cunette’, apparently present in other East Anglia names, such as Durcinate.

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Last Edited: 29 April 2016