Cantium

Attested:  (1) Caesar  Cantium;  Strabo  Καντιον
   (2) Ptolemy  2,3,27 Καντιοι with 3 πολεις; 2,3,27 Καντιοις; RC Duroaverno Cantiacorum
   (3) Ptolemy 2,3,4  Καντιον (Νουκαντιον) ακρον;  Diodorus Siculus 5,21 ακροτηριον Καντιον ακρον

Where:  (1) Kent, (2) its people, (3) probably the South Foreland at TR360432

Name origin:  PIE *kan-tho- ‘rim, edge, corner’.

Notes:  It has been argued that this root developed from a more basic *(s)kamb- ‘to bend’ (the likely root of several early names in Camb- etc, and of the English word hump). Therefore it is argued that  Latin canthus ‘iron wheel rim’, Dutch or Norwegion kant ‘edge’, English cantle, etc, gained their T from the word being used by Celtic speakers – not convincing, because Greek κανθος ‘corner of eye, rim of wheel’ was in use way too early (Aristotle, Homer, etc).

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Last Edited: 25 June 2016