Causennis

Attested:  AI iter 5 Causennis

Where:  Possibly the settlement at TF01743305 near Sapperton on the Roman road running through Lincolnshire from Bourne to Ancaster, near the East Glen river.  Or else the settlement at SK92663345 near Little Ponton, near Grantham.  Either would fit AI mileages much better than Ancaster.

Name origin:  Not at all obvious.  Prima facie it is compounded from Latin causa ‘cause’ and annus ‘year’, suggesting some kind of annual event, such as a tribal gathering.  Or else Modern English causeway and French chaussée possibly go back to the same root as chalk or calculus, meaning various sorts of stone, possibly referring to a roadway.  Possibly related is the modern district name Kesteven, which was Ceoftefne in about 1000 and Chetsteven in Domesday book.  The second element is generally thought to be Old Norse stefna ‘meeting’ Old English stefn ‘summons’.  The first element is commonly claimed as Celtic upon the theory that chet came from a Celtic word for ‘wood’.  However, if it actually came from Old English ceosan ‘to choose, to elect’ that would make Kesteven fit a tribal gathering, possibly preserving the same meaning as Causennis ‘choose annually’.

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Last Edited: 20 July 2016