Attested: RC Celovion
Where: Somewhere in SW Scotland, possibly the set of Roman camps at Girvan, Ayshire, at NX187990.
Name Origin: The –ovion ending looks like the –οβιος ending of three of Ptolemy’s rivers in Wales and the *upa/*oba ‘water’ element discussed here. PIE *kel- confusingly has a dozen or more meanings, but one word stands out as a way to explain the initial Cel-: Greek κελλω (possibly related to the verb hail) meant ‘to put to shore or into harbour’.
Notes: South of Irvine the coast of Ayrshire has just three harbours, at Ballantrae, Girvan, and Ayr, which correspond (possibly too conveniently!) with a sequence of three difficult names in RC’s list: Coritiotar Celovion Itucodon.
Last Edited:17 October 2016