Attested:  RC Celovion

Where:  Somewhere in SW Scotland, possibly the set of Roman camps at Girvan, Ayshire, at NX187990.

Name Origin:  The –ovion ending looks like the –οβιος ending of three of Ptolemy’s rivers in Wales and the *upa/*oba ‘water’ element discussed here.  PIE *kel- confusingly has a dozen or more meanings, but one word stands out as a way to explain the initial Cel-: Greek κελλω (possibly related to the verb hail) meant ‘to put to shore or into harbour’.

Notes:  South of Irvine the coast of Ayrshire has just three harbours, at Ballantrae, Girvan, and Ayr, which correspond (possibly too conveniently!) with a sequence of three difficult names in RC’s list: Coritiotar Celovion Itucodon.

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Last Edited:17 October 2016