Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,9 Κολανι(κ)α, a πολις of the Δαμνονιοι; RC Colanica
Where: Bar Hill Roman fort, the highest on the Antonine Wall, at NS70757593, up a bank overlooking the river Kelvin.
Name Origin: Latin collis, Greek κολωνη ‘hill’. Cognates include English hill and OE holm, but nothing obvious in Celtic. Kelvin has no certain etymology and might be a Gaelic re-interpretation of Colania.
Notes Ptolemy's πολις may have been Castle Hill, a native hillfort right next to the Roman fort. The rivers Kelvin and Carron largely determined the line of the Antonine Wall.
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Last edited: 30 June 2018