Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,9 Κολανι(κ)α, a πολις of the Δαμνονιοι; RC Colanica
Where: Bar Hill Roman fort, the highest on the Antonine Wall, at NS70757593, up a bank overlooking the river Kelvin.
Name Origin: Latin collis, Greek κολωνη ‘hill’. Kelvin has no certain etymology and might be a Gaelic re-interpretation of Colania.
Notes Ptolemy’s πολις may have been Castle Hill, a native hill fort nearby. The rivers Kelvin and Carron largely determined the line of the Antonine Wall.
Last Edited: 29 September 2016