Attested: RC Dixio. Probably not the same as ND's Dictim.
Where: Probably Cawthorn camps, a complex of apparent Roman practice works around SE785901, near Pickering, North Yorkshire. The approximate location is fixed by RC's order of listing names, which puts Dixio between Devovicia (probably Malton) and Lugunduno (probably Durham).
Name origin: PIE *deik- ‘to show, to teach’ had descendants in many languages, though apparently not in Celtic. Latin dico and its derivative dicto meant ‘to say, to tell’ and would suit an army training area. Their less familiar meaning of ‘to dedicate, to set apart for’ plus the Latin noun dicio ‘dominion, authority’ could also suit a place name. It is debatable whether OE diht ‘setting in order, command’ was a loan from Latin or descended independently from PIE. (Gothic gažeihan and ADIXOVI on a Bath curse tablet both pre-date AD 400.)
Notes: This analysis overrules previous thinking about Dixio being the same as Dictim, which promted much fretting about the locations of ND names. Rejected candidates include Deighton in North Yorkshire, which was Dictune (‘ditch settlement’) in Domesday Book. Also the largest hill fort in Britain (actually more like a a walled country estate than a military fortress) at Stanwick St John, NZ1812, near the famous Scotch Corner road junction, which has been suggested as the home of Queen Cartimandua.
Last Edited: 3 July 2017