Attested: Galluvio seems like the best spelling to take from the juxtaposed handwritten lower-case letters in 3 manuscripts of the Ravenna Cosmography, at position 113, whose vital parts, scanned from the photos published by Richmond and Crawford (1949), are shown below. Notice the immediately preceding and strikingly similar Caluvio.
Where: Galluvio is listed where the Cosmography is tracking from the south towards the Lake District. The simplest explanation may be to follow Richmond and Crawford in likening it to the Antonine Itinerary's Galava, implying that it refers to the mouth of one of the rivers that empty into Morecambe Bay, with the Eea seeming more likely than the Leven or the Winder.
Name Origin: Several ancient names begin with Gal- or Cal- in this area, discussed under Galacum as possibly a word for ‘foreigners’ or one for ‘pale yellow’. The ending -uvio looks like one more instance of the *uba/*oba ‘water, river’ element discussed here, occupying the same slot as -ava ‘stream’ or lava ‘intermittent river’ does in Galava.
Notes: This website has discussed several different sets of name analyses in this area, and the present version is the first that seems tolerably coherent without bits of utter bafflement! It allows for Caluvio and Galluvio to be distinct, but similar, river mouths, not a scribal duplication.
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Last edited 1 April 2020 To main Menu