Gariannonor / Γαριεννου

Attested:  ND Gariannonor;  Ptolemy 2,3,6  Γαριεννου river mouth

Where:  Γαριεννου was the ancient “Great Estuary” of Norfolk, which opened to the sea roughly where Great Yarmouth is nowadays, at about TG5206.  On either side of the entrance stood Burgh Castle (at TG47460457) and Caister (at TG51671236) Roman forts, both with a claim to be Gariannonor and a fort of the Saxon Shore.

Name Origin:  The Gar- part meant gore ‘promontory, angular point’, common in later place names, from PIE *ghaiso- ‘spear’, which developed particularly in Germanic to words such as OE gara and to become part of personal names.  Latin annonor ‘to collect provisions’ and annona ‘yearly produce, military supplies’ evolved to signify an annual tax in kind.  The –εννου of Γαριεννου may be different, perhaps just meaning something like ‘inside’.

Notes:  The much-discussed purposes of Saxon Shore forts include being protected warehouses.

Standard terms of use:You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last Edited: 21 July 2016