Attested: RC Giano
Where: Probably the Roman fortlet and signal station at Martinhoe called
The Beacon, at SS66304934, on the northern cliffs of Cornwall, with a superb view over the Bristol Channel towards Wales.
Name Origin: Giano has long been interpreted as a corruption of *Glano. This fits Cornish glann ‘bank’ and Welsh glan ‘river-bank’ better than Gaelic gleann and Welsh glyn
‘valley’. Glanum in the south of France perches on the side of a hill, while Camboglanna (Castlesteads), and Glannoventa (Ambleside) are on more modest hillsides. This Roman-era sense of *glan- parallels Nordic klint ‘coastal escarpment’, preserved in modern English as clint, but the word takes an initial G in languages to the east, such as Russian глинт.
Last Edited: 24 January 2017