Attested: Iberran at position 219 in the Ravenna Cosmography
Where: Probably near Inverness, specifically the Roman marching camp at Easter Galcantray, NH807483, also described as Cawdor or Holme Rose, suggested by fitting the Cosmography's sequence of names to the sequence of Roman sites up north-east Scotland.
Name origin: Iberran resembles Old English inferan ‘to enter’ and Old Irish inber ‘river mouth’ or Gaelic inbhear/inbhir ‘confluence’ (modern Inver-). Latin Hiberes is not a good parallel, because it and Greek Ιβηρες meant primarily people of the Iberian peninsula (or in Georgia) and are said to derive from the name of the river Ιβηρος (now called the Ebro) of uncertain etymology, possibly Basque.
Notes: This is a historically interesting area, near the Culloden battlefield and rich in ancient burial mounds. Ptolemy's coastal names, notably the Ουαραρ estuary, hint at naval logistic support for the earliest Roman campaigns in Scotland. The suggestive modern name Cantray and a mediaeval water mill lie just where the Romans would logically have engineered a simple harbour on the river Nairn, still good for canoeing today.
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Last edited 7 May 2020 To main Menu