Iceni

Attested:  Tacitus Annales XII,31-32 & XIV, 31: Iceni   Ptolemy II,3,21: Σιμενοι
  Caesar, Bello Gallico, V,21,I  Cenimagni;  AI5: ICINOS, &nbps; AI9: VENTA ICINORUM>
  RC: Ventacenomum;   TP: Ad ...taum  Coins: ECEN, ECENI, EC, ECN. ECE

Where:  This tribe appears to have occupied modern Norfolk plus parts of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, with one central place, Venta Icenorum, at modern Caistor St. Edmund, near Norwich.

Name origin: There is no obvious parallel in Celtic or Latin, but there is in Germanic words for ‘oak’ such as German Eiche.  The argument made by Daphne Nash Briggs that other words and symbols on Iceni coins have stylistic and linguistic links across the North Sea to Germanic peoples is widely accepted by coin experts.  The name possibly survived into the AD 900s in Icenhilde weg etc (modern Icknield Way), which may come from ‘oak-wood’.

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Last Edited: 21 April 2016