Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,2 Ιτουνα estuary
Where: River Eden, Cumbria, which becomes distinct from the Solway Forth and the river Esk near NY3262.
Name Origin: PIE *ei- ‘to go’ gained a T in several language families, notably Latin. So Ιτουνα was just the itus ‘going’ river. Ekwall (1928) spelled out this logic, but then (implausibly) suggested an original form *Pituna, which lost its P in Celtic.
Notes: The Eden is good for travelling fairly long distances, by boat, or on foot by its banks. There is an interesting parallel in the earliest form of Edinburgh or Dùn-éideann, containing an element Eidyn, of “quite obscure” meaning but probably referring to a region around the Forth estuary according to Watson (1926:340-342), who reckoned its spellings were Welsh Eitin and Irish Etin. Also in Caesar's portus itium, and in Itucodon, and in Ιτυος.
Last Edited: 24 November 2017