Attested:  RC Iuliocenon

Where:  Roman fort at Hardknott, Cumbria, NY21840146.  Its stone wall bases still stand in a dramatic treeless location by the road leading from Ambleside towards the Esk river valley and the coast.  Located by its position in RC’s sequence of names and by its name.

Name origin:  ‘Treeless’.  Iuliocenon is pure Greek, ὑλη ‘trees, timber’ plus κενος ‘empty’, but with the initial H sound changed to Y, presumably because Julius was such a well known Roman name.

Notes:  David Surtees has put a superb video of this fort on Youtube.  The fort’s name is widely misreported as Mediobogdum.

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Last Edited: 07 June 2016