Λεμαννονιος κολπος

Attested:  Ptolemy 2,3,1  Λεμαννονιος κολπος and 2,3,12 Λεμαννονιου/Λελαννονιου

Where:  Probably Loch Long, though Marx (2013) preferred Loch Fyne.  Loch Long is the shorter and more inland of these two lochs, feeding into the Clyde around NS2080.

Name Origin:  PIE *lama ‘depression filled with water’, leading to Latin lama ‘bog’, OE lám ‘mud’, etc, obviously supplies an explanation for many other “wet” geographical names, from Portus Lemanis and Verulamium to Lake Léman.  Λεμαννονιος may survive in the name Leamhnacht (now Lennox) for the district north of Glasgow and in Loch Lomond.

Notes:  Linguists have never really sorted out all the “wet” words beginning with L (lake, lava, leak, lime, loam, lough, etc) which seem to have parallels outside Indo-European.  Old Irish lem‘elm’ is often cited unconvincingly to explain early names.

Standard terms of use:You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last Edited: 13 May 2016