Attested: Ravenna Cosmography Liar
Where: Most likely the joint mouth of the rivers Witham and Welland into the Wash, between modern Boston and Spalding, identified by Liar's position in RC's tour of harbour estuaries. This led into an ancient inland waterways system, notably including the Car Dyke, which led to Lincoln and the north, and to Cambridge and the fens. The mouth of the river Glen, where the Historia Brittonum situates one of Arthur's battles, near Surfleet, is now into the river Welland not the sea, because extensive silting has pushed today's coastline far out from any Roman-era ports.
Name Origin: PIE *lei- ‘to flow’ plus *ar- ‘to fit together’.
Notes: Greek λιαρος is a variant spelling of χλιαρος ‘warm’, which is related to Glen.
Llyr in Welsh mythology may derive from Old Irish ler ‘sea’. Mediaeval Latin lias ‘sediment’ was the likely origin of the modern word lees.
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Last edited: 19 June 2019
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