Attested: RC Litinomago (or Liutinomago)
Where: Probably the large Roman marching camp at NJ655381, at Glenmailen near Ythanwells, on the edge of the lowlands of Aberdeenshire, because of its position in RC's sequence of names.
Name Origin: There are three main possibilies to explain initial Litino-, exemplified by English flat, leading, and litany. PIE *plat- ‘flat’ probably lost initial P in Celtic (perhaps appropriate to this part of early Scotland) to become *litano- ‘broad’; PIE *leit- ‘to go forth’ led to words similar to English lead and German leiten (as perhaps used by some Roman troops from around the lower Rhine); and Greek λιτη ‘prayer’ might be appropriate in an area that is rich in megalithic monuments. The -mago part might come from *magus ‘power place, administrative centre’, from PIE *magh- ‘to have power’.
Notes: See under Magis why the oft-repeated idea of a Celtic *magos ‘plain’ is not convincing. And λιθινος ‘made of stone’ does not seem appropriate at this location.
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Last edited: 16 July 2018