Attested:  RC Macatonion

Where:  Near the Welsh border, between Gloucester and the headwaters of the river Severn, from RC's sequence of names.  Possibly the site of Caratacus’ last stand, discussed here, as very likely on the southern side of the river Clun, somewhere near SO366796.

Name origin:  Macatonion, with its Greek-style ending –on, resembles μαχαω ‘to wish to fight’ and μαχητος ‘to be fought with’.  Μαχη ‘fight’ has no certain cognates in other languages but Amazon may be related and Macha was an Irish war goddess.

Notes:  Tacitus described the Silures as particularly spoiling for a fight, but he placed Caratacus’ last stand further north, in Ordovices territory.  Marcotaxon may be the equivalent site from which Roman troops marched out to fight at mons Graupius.

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Last edited: 24 July 2018