Attested: AI iter 2 Mamucio, iter 10 Mamcunio or Mancunio; RC Mantio
Where: Manchester Roman fort at SJ 832976.
Name origin: ‘On the left’, from Latin mancus ‘maimed’, which had a special meaning in the Roman army, because a soldier whose right arm was damaged and needed to wield his sword with the left hand was posted on the left of the line. As the Romans advanced north in Britain their roads formed a sort of ladder, with two main uprights and a series of rungs across the country. Manchester was on the left of a major road across to York.
Notes: RC's handwritten forms are better read as Mantio than Mautio, as discussed here. In mediaeval handwriting lower-case c and t are remarkably similar. Generations of Manchester folk grew up calling themselves Mancunians, before R&S dignified a daft speculation by Celticists that the fort was on a hill shaped like mammae ‘breasts’ so *Mamucium should be the consensus name form.
Last Edited: 18 September 2016