Attested: RC Melamoni
Where: Probably the Roman fort at SX596960 near Okehampton, Devon, on the north edge of Dartmoor, occupying the saddle of a spur between the river Okement and one of its tributaries. Modern Meldon (Meledon in 1176) is not far away. The complex of fort and camps at North Tawton near SX660997 is a less likely candidate.
Name origin: See here for a general discussion of M-vowel-L ‘protruding, sticking out or up’ in ancient names. The -moni part is problematic, because its natural meaning related to Latin mons ‘mountain’, discussed under Mona seems inappropriate. Maybe PIE *mono- ‘mane, nape of neck’ is better.
Notes: This analysis overrules a previous guess of a high point on Dartmoor, possibly on the Black Ridge, serving as a marker point for Roman soldiers yomping an approximately straight line across the moor.
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Last edited: 7 August 2018