Petuaria

Attested:  Ptolemy 2,3,17 Πετουαρια, a πολις of the Παρισοι;  inscription VICI PETU;  Decuaria at position 138 in the Ravenna Cosmography;  numeri superventium Petuerensium in the Notitia Dignitatum.

WhereBrough on Humber Roman fort, town, and possible naval base, around SE938268, the likely terminus of a ferry across the Humber, on the line of Ermine Street, from near Winteringham Haven SE934227.  Both ends had bigger river inlets in Roman times.

Name origin:  From Latin peto ‘to travel to’, a root also seen in impetuous and compitum ‘crossroads’, which may be related to Old English pæþþan ‘to traverse’.  The -aria part may just be a noun-forming ending or possibly related to ar ‘oar’.

Notes:  The similarity to Celtic words for ‘four’ is coincidental.  The Cosmography's D/P and c/t swaps are typical of handwriting read with difficulty.  The Notitia's Petuerensium might have referred to workers at a *petuaria, by analogy with calcariensis being a worker at a calcaria, not dwellers at Petuaria.

You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source as www.romaneranames.uk, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last edited 3 December 2020     To main Menu