Attested: Ptolemy 2,3,17 Πετουαρια, a πολις of the Παρισοι; inscription VICI PETU; Decuaria at position 138 in the Ravenna Cosmography; numeri superventium Petuerensium in the Notitia Dignitatum.
Where: Brough on Humber Roman fort, town, and possible naval base, around SE938268, the likely terminus of a ferry across the Humber, on the line of Ermine Street, from near Winteringham Haven SE934227. Both ends had bigger river inlets in Roman times.
Name origin: From Latin peto ‘to travel to’, a root also seen in impetuous and compitum ‘crossroads’, which may be related to Old English pæþþan ‘to traverse’. The -aria part may just be a noun-forming ending or possibly related to ar ‘oar’.
Notes: The similarity to Celtic words for ‘four’ is coincidental. The Cosmography's D/P and c/t swaps are typical of handwriting read with difficulty. The Notitia's Petuerensium might have referred to workers at a *petuaria, by analogy with calcariensis being a worker at a calcaria, not dwellers at Petuaria.
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Last edited 3 December 2020 To main Menu