Commius

AttestedCommius figured prominently in Caesar's de Bello Gallico, as well explained in Wikipedia.  Frontinus Stratagemata 2,8 mentioned Commius Atrabas.  COMMIOS appears on various coins, often abbreviated or named as the father of other rulers.

Where:  Most historians reckon that the Commius who started out in Gaul and led a politically complex life was the same as the Commios who issued coins, probably from Calleva, and that the Atrebates people in Gaul and Britain were related.  Judging by coin legends he founded a dynasty, in which his sons were Eppillus, Verica, sand possibly a second Commius.  However, caution is required since political motives may have made Caesar, Hirtius, and Frontinus less than fully truthful.

Name originCommius has no obvious meaning in Celtic, though ‘friend’ has been suggested because com- tends to mean ‘with’.  In Germanic it might mean something like ‘hill’, as a version of the geographical term comb or kame, from PIE *gembh-.  Latin commeo ‘to move back and forth’ would be very appropriate for the shuttle diplomacy attributed to Commius, but that would imply he was remarkably Romanised for that early date.

Notes:  The second O in Commios seems not to be clearly visible anywhere on the Internet.

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Last Edited: 23 June 2017