Attested: RC Ravonia
Where: Somewhere in or near the Lake District, possibly at Kirkby Thore (Bravoniacum) or possibly the fort and camps at Troutbeck, NY382272, on the road between Keswick and Penrith.
Name origin: R&C suggested that Ravonia was a scribal error for *Bravoniacum. Alternatively, if Ravonia was indeed a correct spelling, possible parallels lie in the river Ravi in India, from Sanskrit sravat ‘river’, or in the English word ravine, from French ravin, possibly from PIE rep- ‘to grab, rip out, ravish’ (as at Ravatonium). This might fit the Trout Beck, a modest stream just south of the Roman fort that has cut quite a deep gully, indicated by embankment symbols on the Ordnance Survey map and by the upstream name Groove Beck.
Notes: Plotting RC's track on a modern map raises a question why RC would list a Kirkby Thore site between Derventione and Bresnetenaci Veteranorum rather than between Valteris and Bereda, which would be geographically more logical. There are Roman routes across difficult hills in this area, and an undiscovered Roman site may explain Galava, but it would strain credibility to invent another for Ravonia. The least bad guess seems to be that Ravonia was at Troutbeck and it was followed by one of the few big jumps that interrupt RC's track.
Last Edited: 19 September 2016