ΡεριγονιονAttested: Ptolemy 2,3,7 Ρεριγονιον, a πολις of the Νοουανται, and Ptolemy 2,3,1 Ρεριγονιο κολπος.
Where: Anywhere in the general area of Stranraer would be within range of error of Ptolemy's coordinates examined by Marx (2013). Possible locations were discussed by McCarthy (2004) who favoured Innermessan for the πολις, and Loch Ryan for the κολπος. Dunragit, around NX150582, on the likely Roman road heading west towards Stranraer and/or Portpatrick, is a stronger candidate for the πολις because it has various henge monuments and a Neolithic mound at Droughdool Mote. If that location is correct, the κολπος is more likely to be Luce Bay (to the south) than Loch Ryan.
Name Origin: Latin re- ‘again’ plus rigeo ‘to stand stiff’ (from PIE *reig- ‘to reach, stretch out’) referring to the double headlands of Galloway.
Notes: The kingdom of Rheged and Loch Ryan might both derive from Ρεριγονιον. Watson (1926:34) drew attention to a Welsh triad that mentioned three national thrones of Britain, with Penrionyd as the northern one, but his analysis of Ρεριγονιον as Celtic for ‘very royal place’, containing elements related to ro- ‘very’ and rig ‘royal’ is unconvincing. A Roman camp lay 5km east at Glenluce, probably Brigomono (a confusably similar name) on the other side of the Water of Luce, Ptolemy's Αβραουαννου.
Last Edited: 30 September 2016