Ρηγνοι / Regno

Attested:  Ptolemy 2,3,28 Ρηγνοι tribe, with one πολις at Νοιομαγος;   AI iter 7 Regno;   RC Navimago regentium

Where:  People, or a client kingdom, around Chichester, in south-central England.

Name Origin:  Ptolemy's form (earliest of the three) is best explained as from Greek ρηγνυμι ‘to break asunder’, from PIE *bhreg- (which led, for example, to words such as break and fragile).  This implies that (as Tacitus stated) the Romans split off some territory from its previous political allegiance for their client king Togidumnus (or Cogidubnus) to rule.  The two later forms appear (as R&S suggested) to have assimilated to Latin regnum ‘kingship, kingdom’.

Notes  This analysis rejects the idea (favoured by R&S) of a tribe ‘proud ones’ based on PIE *reig- ‘to reach, to stretch out’.

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Last Edited: 16 November 2016