Attested: RC Vertis
Where: Probably Worcester, around SO851545, where there was a Roman civilian settlement and a node in the road network, near where the river Teme joins the Severn.
Name origin: Ver- could have many meanings, but possibly the best parallel is Latin verto ‘to turn back’, referring to the tidal limit of the river Severn near Worcester.
Notes: The Severn and Teme are both wiggly rivers near here, and nearby Cruckbarrow Hill was perhaps an indigenous power centre, thereby offering two alternative possible reasons for a ver- name. Worcester is probably unrelated to Vertis, but may derive from Anglo-Saxon Weogorna, which suggests a weoh ‘idol’ (something that the Christian church would have destroyed) on a gore ‘point of land’. Historia Brittonum, written in the 800s in Wales, mentions cair guirangon (Fitzpatrick-Matthews, 2015), which looks like a compound of OE *wer ‘man’ and ing/eng ‘water-meadow’.
Last Edited: 4 December 2017