Ουινδογαρα

Attested:  (1) Ptolemy 2,3,9 Ουανδογαρα (Ουανδουαρα) a πολις of the Δαμνονιοι
   (2) Ptolemy 2,3,1 Ουινδογαρα κολπος (or Ουιδογαρα or Ουιδοταρα)

Where:  Marx (2013) identified (1) with Ayr, but Troon seems more likely.  (2) was Irvine Bay.

Name Origin:  See Vindo- ‘pleasant’.  The –gara part was a precursor of gore, a common element in later place names, meaning ‘promontory’, derived from words for ‘spear’, whose PIE root *ghaiso- developed strongly in Germanic languages.  Assuming that Ουινδογαρα was the correct spelling for both, there was presumably a ‘fair cape’ that was a welcome sight to sailors, which gave a name to the whole κολπος ‘bay’, for which Troon is a strong candidate.

Notes:  Possible parallels in Celtic languages found by Breeze mean ‘leg’.  Dundonald, a little way inland, was probably a native power centre to represent Ptolemy’s πολις, while Maromago was probably a Roman fort, long suspected to exist at Irvine, a little way north up the coast.

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Last Edited:7 August 2016