Attested:  ND Virosido

Where:  Probably the Roman fort at Bainbridge SD937901, near where the river Bain feeds into the river Ure.

Name origin:  The –sido part is (as R&S pointed out) suggestive of a ‘seat’: compare Latin sido ‘to sit, to settle’, or OE sess ‘seat’, or the second elements of Welsh gorsedd ‘throne, community’ and of English counties such as Somerset.  Other early names that possibly contain this element are near striking hills, for which the obvious suggestion here is Addlebrough hill fort, 2.3 km away and very visible.  The Viro- part poses questions discussed under Viroconium, with PIE *wiro- Latin vir ‘man’ probably the best parallel.

Notes:  Presumably men gathered on Addlebrough Hill and  it is mere  coincidence that Virosidum is ‘weir side’ to natural rock shelves in the river Bain.

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Last Edited: 14 June 2016