Attested: RC Voran
Where: A hypothetical Roman fort at or near Stirling, which controls one of the key strategic routes into northern Scotland, where the river Forth can be crossed without sinking into the marsh called Flanders Moss – hence the later battles of Stirling Bridge and Bannockburn. The King’s Knot garden there is shaped suspiciously like a Roman fort, though there is no evidence that it originally was Roman. Maybe the fort was up on the hill where Stirling Castle now sits at NS789940 and/or on the neighbouring Gowan Hill which had remains of a vitrified fort.
Name Origin: An ancestor of OE foran, Dutch vooraan ‘in front’ would accurately describe the location of this fort during the Romans’ advance into Scotland when they had not yet advanced beyond the Tay.
Notes: According to Marx (2013), one instance of Alauna (Ptolemy 2,3,9, a πολις of the Δαμνονιοι) was at or near Stirling. Higher up the river Teith were the forts at Tagea (Doune) and Cerma (Bochastle).
Last Edited: 31 August 2016