Voreda

AttestedVoreda in Antonine Itinerary iter 2 ;  Bereda in Cosmography ;  inscription V#R#D

Where:  Roman fort at Old Penrith, at NY493384, beside the river Petterill.  A posting station on the Roman road (Margary's 7e, now the A6) through Cumbria towards Carlisle.

Name origin:  Latin veredus ‘courier's horse’.  The –red- part is from PIE *reidh- ‘to ride’.  The first element is a prefix that was very productive in Germanic languages, as ver- in Dutch or for- in English, often with a sense of ‘away’, from PIE *per- ‘to lead, pass over’.

NotesVeredus survives in Welsh as gorwydd ‘horse’ and in English as palfrey (from paraveredus).  The claim that initial Ver-/Vor- descended from PIE *upo- ‘under’ by Celtic-style loss of P, to yield *uo-, and then “Gaulish” *voredos was loaned into Latin, is hard to believe, not least because Welsh gor-, as in gorwydd, tends to mean ‘over’.

You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source as www.romaneranames.uk, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last edited 28 July 2019     To main Menu