Attested: AI iter 2 Voreda; RC Bereda; inscription V#R#D
Where: Roman fort at Old Penrith, at NY493384, beside the river Petterill and the Roman road (now the A6) through Cumbria towards Carlisle.
Name origin: Latin veredus ‘courier’s horse’. That word survives as Welsh gorwydd ‘horse’ and as palfrey (from paraveredus). The –red- part is from PIE *reidh- ‘to ride’, with the Vo- part usually explained as from PIE *upo- ‘up from under’ via Celtic, upon the theory that veredus was a loan-word from Gaulish into Latin. However, initial Vor-/Ber- may also come from PIE *per- ‘to lead, pass over’.
Last Edited: 14 June 2016