AttestedAdron at position 254 in the Ravenna Cosmography

WhereAdron occurs in the Cosmography's harbour-estuary tour, when it has reached Hadrian's Wall.  It probably referred to the river Tyne, crossed by a bridge at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, which is generally assumed to be Pons Aelii in the Notitia Dignitatum, where Aelius was Hadrian's family name.

Name origin:  The origin of the name Hadrian is uncertain, possibly from Adria, a port near the mouth of the river Po, south of Venice, which Pokorny (1959, p3) attributed to a PIE root *ad-ro- ‘water current’.  Adron, as written, matches Greek ἁδρος ‘thick, well-grown’.

Notes:  The closest parallel is the river Adrana, mentioned by Tacitus, now the Eder in Germany.  Also similar is the name of some people from around the lower Rhine (near Nijmegen) usually recorded as Chattuarii, who also show up as Hetwaras in Beowulf and as Attoarii in the Liber Historiae Francorum.

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Last edited 15 April 2020     To main Menu