Aquis Arnemeza

AttestedAquis Arnemeza/Arnemeze/Arnemeya at position 107 in the Ravenna Cosmography;  inscription ARNOMECTE

Where:  Almost certainly Buxton Spa, Derbyshire, near SK0673, Britain's second warmest spring (27˚).

Name OriginAquis = Latin ‘at the waters’.  *Arnemetia is usually interpreted as a compound of ar- ‘beside’ (from PIE *ar- ‘to fit together’ or *per- ‘in front of’, hence Gaulish are equated with Latin ante by the Endlicher Glossary), with nemeton ‘sanctuary’ discussed under Nemetotatio.  However, the last two letters, written differently in all three manuscripts, look as if they really belong with the following word Zerdotalia.  That would leave *arneme, readily explainable with Greek αρνυμαι ‘to win, obtain, receive’, with cognates to the east (Hittite, Armenian, Avestan).

Notes: Prosper (2019) discusses this name as referring to a ‘great giver’.  A possible parallel is ARNEMETICI mentioned on a Roman-era inscription in the south of France, with possible descendant place name Aniane.

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Last edited 21 February 2021     To main Menu