Brocavum

AttestedBrocavo on iter 5 of the Antonine Itinerary

WhereBrougham Castle Roman fort at NY538289 beside the river Eamont, at a key junction of Roman roads (north-south, now the M6, and east-west, now the A66).

Name Origin:  An element Broc- has many possible meanings (as lovingly discussed by Rivet & Smith), but the most likely is a precursor of Old English bróc ‘brook, stream’, which has no agreed PIE root).  The -avum part might come from PIE ap- ‘water’, or possibly from a precursor of haven.

Notes:  An indigenous power centre close to the Roman fort is represented by Mayburgh Henge, which is interesting because its name may preserve the old element magus ‘power’.

You may copy this text freely, provided you acknowledge its source as www.romaneranames.uk, recognise that it is liable to human error, and try to offer suggestions for improvement.
Last edited 16 April 2020     To main Menu