Attested: Brocavo on iter 5 of the Antonine Itinerary
Where: Brougham Castle Roman
fort at NY538289 beside the river Eamont, at a key junction of Roman roads (north-south, now the M6, and east-west, now the A66).
Name Origin: An element Broc- has many possible meanings (as lovingly discussed by Rivet & Smith), but the most likely is a precursor of Old English bróc ‘brook, stream’, which has no agreed PIE root). The -avum part might come from PIE ap- ‘water’, or possibly from a precursor of haven.
Notes: An indigenous power centre close to the Roman fort is represented by
Mayburgh Henge, which is interesting because its name may preserve the old element magus ‘power’.
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Last edited 16 April 2020 To main Menu