Castra Exploratorum

Attested:  AI (iter 2) Castra Exploratorum.

Where:  Netherby, Cumbria, probably under 15th century Netherby Hall, NY396716, because AI quotes 12 miles to Carlisle.

Name origin: Latin: plural (!) of castrum ‘military camp’ plus genitive plural of explorator ‘scout’.

Notes: Remains of a Roman fort, city, and river port here were mentioned by early writers (see Pastcape), but have since been obliterated.  The course of the Esk here is strange and must surely have been altered deliberately in the past.  Selkirk (1995:229) suggests that what is now a mere ditch from Netherby Hall to Scaurbank downstream on the Esk may have been a Roman canal.  This site is in Arthuret, possibly to be linked with post-Roman fighting.

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Last edited: 28 July 2019     To main Menu