Credigone

AttestedCredigone at position 200 in the Ravenna Cosmography

Where:  Probably the Roman fort at Whitemoss Farm, near Bishopton, NS41837210, overlooking the river Clyde from the south.  The Cosmography lists Credigone explicitly at the western end of the Antonine Wall, where the river was not a military obstacle, being then shallow and in places fordable, as described here.

Name origin:  Latin credo ‘to lend’ had a secondary meaning of ‘to trust, to have confidence in’, which might be appropriate for a fort.  That explanation probably outranks amending Cred- to Cled- Clyde.  The -gone part looks very Greek, meaning ‘offspring’ in names such as Antigone, but actually the best parallel is γωνια ‘corner, angle’, which was loaned into Latin in words such as polygonum, and possibly related to con- ‘together’.  A meaning like ‘trustworthy corner’ would suit this location.

Notes:  Rivet & Smith called Credigone “etymologically inexplicable” and then offered an ingenious argument that it was a scribal error for Κρεωνες tribe.  Not convincing.

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