Attested: Demerosesa at position 203 in the Ravenna Cosmography
Where: Dumbarton Rock, at NS399744 near Glasgow, was probably the power base of a native chieftain friendly to the Romans before it became the epicentre of the early British kingdom of Strathclyde.
Name Origin: Richmond & Crawford worked out that Demerosesa was an “awesome hill”, because it meant ‘dark seat’, with first element akin to θεμερος ‘stern’, or English dim, or Old Irish deim ‘dark’, and second element ‘seat’ as in Camulossesa.
Notes: Demerosesa is a critical clue for locating other early names in central Scotland, but unfortunately the old theoretical model blocked both Richmond & Crawford and Rivet & Smith from following it up.
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