AttestedPraefectus Ala Sabinianae Hunno in the Notitia Dignitatum

WhereHalton Chesters Roman fort on Hadrian's Wall at NY99746845, near some springs that supplied water to the big Roman settlement at Corbridge.  A reasonably certain identification, from the order of listing of names in the Notitia, backed up by the order of listing in the Ravenna Cosmography, which has Onno at this position.  The ALAE SABINIANAE left several epigraphic mentions in the area, including one tombstone near this fort.

Name originOnno, in Endlicher's Glossary is glossed as flumen.  The PIE root *an- ‘to pour’ (Watkins, 2011:4) is poorly attested, but best in Hittite, where it began with an H.

Notes:  It may be significant that the Ala Sabiniana originated in Pannonia, which included a chunk of what is now Hungary.  Serious settlement of Huns as foederati near the Danube began after AD 378 (Gračanin, 2006), which was nearly 40 years before the likely date of the Notitia Dignitatum, though the names Hun and Hungary have never been explained 100% conclusively.

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Last edited 7 May 2020     To main Menu