Λεμαννονιος κολπος

Attested:  Ptolemy 2,3,1  Λεμαννονιος κολπος and 2,3,12 Λεμαννονιου/Λελαννονιου

Where:  Probably Loch Long, though Marx (2013) preferred Loch Fyne.  Loch Long is the shorter and more inland of these two lochs, feeding into the Clyde around NS2080.  Leamhnacht (now Lennox), a district north of Glasgow and in Loch Lomond, may descend from this name.

Name Origin:  Many “wet” geographical names, from Portus Lemanis and Verulamium to Lake Léman may be related, along with PIE *lama ‘depression filled with water’ and words such as Latin lama ‘bog’, Old English lám ‘mud’, etc.  Linguists have never really sorted out all the “wet” words beginning with L (lake, lava, leak, lime, loam, lough, etc) which seem to have parallels outside Indo-European.  Beekes (2009) discussed at length the difficult etymology of λειμων and its many relatives: “for the etymology, only suppositions are at hand”.

Notes:.  Old Irish lem‘elm’ is often cited unconvincingly to explain early names.  The English word liman, descended from Greek λιμαν ‘harbour’ is charmingly defined as ‘the deposit of slime at the mouth of a river’.

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Last edited 28 March 2020     To main Menu