AttestedMamucio on iter 2 and Mamcunio or Mancunio on iter 10 of the Antonine Itinerary;   Mantio/Mautio/Mancio at position 109 in the Ravenna Cosmography

WhereManchester Roman fort at SJ 832976.

Name origin:  ‘On the left’, from Latin mancus ‘maimed’, which had a special meaning in the Roman army, because a soldier whose right arm was damaged and needed to wield his sword with the left hand was posted on the left of the line.  As the Romans advanced north in Britain their roads formed a sort of ladder, with two main uprights and a series of rungs across the country.  Manchester was on the left of a major road across to York.

Notes:  The Cosmography's handwritten forms, shown here, might be read as Mantio, Mautio, and Mancio.  In mediaeval handwriting lower-case c and t are remarkably similar, as are u and n.  Generations of Manchester folk grew up calling themselves Mancunians, before Rivet & Smith dignified a daft speculation that the fort was on a hill shaped like mammae ‘breasts’ so that *Mamucium could become the consensus name form.

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Last edited 11 May 2020     to main Menu.