Attested: Memanturum at position 216 in the Ravenna Cosmography
Where: A Roman camp in north-east Scotland. The camp at Raedykes, at NO841902, inland from Stonehaven, seems more likely than the camp at Normandykes, at NO82979938, closer to Aberdeen.
Name origin: One may think of Latin manto ‘to wait’, or of the letters MNTR in Montrose, or of the element *namanto- ‘enemy’ (negative of amo ‘to love’) seen in Gaulish names (Delamarre, 2003:230). Or maybe the name should be emended to *Nemanturum, close to nemeton ‘sanctuary’.
Notes: This part of Scotland is notably rich in stone circles, of a type that Allcroft (1930) analysed as tribal gathering places.
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Last edited 13 May 2020 to main Menu.