Bremenium

AttestedBremenio on Antonine Itinerary iter 1;   Bremenium at position 185 in the Ravenna Cosmography;
  Ptolemy 2,3,10 Βρεμενιον/Βερμενιον     Inscription BREM;   Inscription BREMEN

Where:  Roman fort at NY832986 Rochester, Northumberland, on Dere Street, north of Hadrian's Wall on the way to Edinburgh.

Name Origin:  From PIE *bhrem- ‘to project; brim, edge’, like Bremen in Germany.

Notes: Rivet & Smith repeated the noisy river suggestion of Jackson, linking this name to a root (PIE *bhrem-) ancestral to Welsh brefu, Latin fremo, Greek βρεμω, etc ‘to growl’, with a theory that the adjacent Sills Burn, which provided water to the bath house, was particularly noisy.  Actually, that idea was first raised by Ekwall (1928) for the river Breamish, which rises 20 km away across the Cheviot moors.  Not really convincing, as also discussed for Bremia and Bremetenacum.

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Last edited 28 August 2021     to main Menu