AttestedBremetonnaci or Bremetonaci in iter 10 of the Antonine Itinerary;  Inscription ...BREMETENN...;  ND Bremetenraco
Bresnetenaci.Veteranorum at position 124 in the Ravenna Cosmographhy, which normally separates two places with a full stop, but apparently not here.

Where:  The Roman fort at Ribchester, Lancashire, SD650350, beside the river Ribble.

Name originBrem- here (as also at Bremia, Bremenium, and modern Bremen in Germany) seems more likely to come from PIE *bhrem- ‘brim, edge’ than from *bhrem- ‘to growl’.  With a second element from Latin tenax ‘tenacious’ and then the following Veteranorum, the name seems appropriate to the whole Fylde area of Lancashire, converted from marshy fens into desirable farmland by army veterans and bordered by the hilly area known as the Forest of Bowland, with resources of lead and coal nearby.

Notes:  From about AD 175 the garrison troops were Sarmatians, whose homeland was in the northern Caucasus (where the native language was in the Iranian family), far enough away to induce many of them to settle locally upon retirement and (hypothetically) to leave lasting traces among the local Britons.  See under Belisama about the escarpment beside the river Ribble.

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Last edited 30 March 2020     To main Menu