Attested: (1) Ptolemy 2,3,8 Κορδα, a πολις of the (Σ)ελγοουαι; (2) RC Corda
Where: (1) Castledykes Roman fort at NS92864426, on the upper reaches of the river Clyde, near the hillfort of Cairngryffe Hill.
(2) Possibly Glenlochar fort and camps at NX73516452 beside the river Dee, upstream from Kirkcudbright, and near the hillfort of Carse Moat.
Name Origin: Latin
chorda ‘rope for binding a slave’, from Greek
χορδη ‘guts’, suggests a fort for keeping in line local people who were not very keen to become Roman.
Notes: Besides being “a meeting place of the main roads in southern Scotland”, the Castledykes area is also where the river Clyde, ultimately heading west, comes close to the river Tweed, heading east. The Biggar Water, at NT050366, crosses this watershed, and caught the eye of Selkirk who wondered if it originated in Roman times.
Last Edited: 11 August 2016