Attested: (1) Ptolemy 2,3,9 Κορια, a πολις of the Δαμνονιοι
(2) Ptolemy 2,3,10 Κο(υ)ρια, a πολις of the Ωταδινοι
(3) RC Corie; Vindolanda tablets 154,175,266,312 Coris
Where: (1) Possibly in the vicinity of Hamilton Mote Hill, NS727566, near the upper river Clyde, south-east of Glasgow. This was a tribal assembly point (to fit Ptolemy's πολις called Κορια) first documented around 1000 AD, with the Bothwellhaugh Roman fort a discreet distance away at NS73105775. Marx (2013) declined to suggest a location, but nearby sites mentioned by Ptolemy suggest where to look. The Roman fort on Barochan Hill at NS41486906, suggested by R&S seems much less likely.
(2) Probably the hillfort on Arthur's Seat in Edinburgh, at NT276728, because this is a better πολις called Κορια than either Borthwick Castle suggested by Marx (2013) or the Roman fort at Inveresk suggested by Marx (2013).
(3) Corbridge Roman fort and supply base.
Name Origin: Latin curia ‘court, tribal assembly’, possibly influenced by Greek χωρια ‘places’, or χωρις ‘apart’, or χωρα ‘landed estate’, and/or Latin coria ‘hides, leather’.
Notes: R&S set out some of the issues involved (from a Celtic perspective), but for a much wider discussion see Allcroft. Old English gor ‘dung, dirt’ shows up in later place names, but it seems unlikely that the river Tyne at Corbridge was disgustingly muddy.
Last Edited: 3 October 2017