Ταιξαλοι

Attested:  Ptolemy 2,3,5  Ταιζαλων (or Ταιζαλον) ακρον;  Ptolemy 2,3,15  Ταιξαλοι people

Where:  Kinnairds Head at NJ998675, the NE tip of Aberdeenshire, may be the ακρον.  Ptolemy assigned one πολις to the Ταιξαλοι: Δηουανα, at Kintore, near Aberdeen.

Name Origin:  Uncertain.  R&S set out the issues well.  X seems slightly more likely to be correct in the name than Z.  PIE *teks- ‘to weave’ is the root of many words concerned with building with organic materials: textiles, wattle and daub, fish traps etc.  Then the word for ‘badger’, seen in modern dachshund, contributed to early names, both personal (Taximagulus, Tasciovanus, etc), and tribal (Tasgoduni, Τασκοδρουγιται).  And Latin taxus ‘yew’ provided the best wood for making longbows.

Notes:  Aberdeenshire is notable for its arable agriculture and for its remarkable number of stone circles.  Maybe the Tectosages ‘cloak weavers’ tribe in Galatia offer a parallel.

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Last Edited: 28 July 2016